Monday, May 23, 2016

Nissen huts

South Australia had a number of migrant settlements during the post war years and the South Australian Housing Trust saw this as a prime opportunity for establishing the purpose built city of ElizabethNissan huts were frequently provided as the accommodation for migrants newly arrived, being constructed of corrugated iron with bare timber flooring, and no lining on the walls or ceilings.

A few Nissen huts were seen around Elizabeth in its early days like the photograph which shows the North Downs Residents Association hall in 1968.
A Nissen Hut is made from a sheet of metal bent into half a cylinder and planted in the ground.

They were first developed during the First World War. In April 1916, the then Major Peter Norman Nissen of the 29th Company Royal Engineers began experimenting with hut designs with the final design being put into production in August 1916. At least 100,000 were produced during World War I.
Two main factors influenced the design of the hut, first it had to be economic in its use of materials. Secondly, the building had to be portable. Nissen’s design allowed for the hut to be erected by six men in four hours. The world record for erection was 1 hour 27 mins.

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