Monday, June 29, 2015

Evidence of local Indigenous community

This is not the skull referred to in the article. Used
for illustration only
On 28TH April, 1977, a party consisting of Mrs Pearson, Munno Para Public Library; Mr W.J. Richardson former owner of the orangery on the Little Para River; Mr Tom Power and Mr P. Fitzpatrick of the South Australian Museum, Aboriginal and Historical Relics Section, (Department of Environment); visited the Goulds Creek/Little Para River area to seek more evidence of Aboriginal camping grounds and burial sites.  In 1914, Mr W. Richardson and found a skeleton buried sitting up in the creek bank below a gully running into Goulds Creek.  The skull was protruding from the top of the soil which had been washed away by heavy rains.  The area was examined and some digging carried out but no bones were found.  Although many years had passed since the finding of the skeleton, it was felt that it was worth checking the area on the chance that a burial site may be located in view of the fact that the area will shortly be flooded by the reservoir and any evidence which may exist will be destroyed permanently.  Many pieces of quartz chips were found either on the surface or just below it having been disturbed by bulldozers.  These were considered as possible evidence of tool making in the area. One large round pitted stone possibly used as a mallet was collected and taken back to the Museum.

On 22nd July 1977, Mrs Pearson re-visited the orangery site. On the opposite (eastern) side of the Little Para River the alluvial deposits had been carted away. This left the clay beneath the loam exposed, approx. 7ft 3in below ground level.  The area was examined.   Random holes were dug around this at varying distances and ashes and charcoal were also found in them. At aprox. 3 metres from the first hole, a round pitted stone which fitted comfortably in the palm of the hand was found. Several pieces of ochre were also found in this hole.  The area was a known aboriginal camp site and the stone could have been used as a mallet.  The river was known to flood at intervals, resulting in heavy deposits of silt.  The stone and ochre could have been covered in the clay layer where holes were dug and none were visible on the surface.

Mrs G Pearson, Local History Researcher, Munno Para Public Library.

No comments:

Post a Comment