Thursday, April 25, 2013

Lest we forget!

Dawn Service

Dawn service and the sky is red.
'Stand fast', they say, 'Salute the dead'.
The bugle sounds a long sad note
And a chill creeps under my overcoat.
A minute's silence now decends
A time to think of long-lost friends,
Of a jungle trail and desert sand,
Remembering-
        The old men stand
So still.
        So still their quiest parade.
The last, clear bugle call is played.

Now tea and biscuits - like a cup?
Look! On the hills, the sun is up.

Max Fatchen

LEST WE FORGET!

Poetry All Sorts by Max Fatchen

Thursday, April 18, 2013

Smitham property

 
Smitham property
Womma Road, & Stenbonheath road, first on right hand side
 
The Smitham's immigrated to Australia on the ship “Constance” in 1850 from Cornwall, England.  The family became farmers at Penfield.  Their farm was compulsory acquired to become part of the Salisbury Ammunition Factory during WWII.  
 

Monday, April 15, 2013

Smithfield Hostel stories

 
The University of Adelaide with the Migration Museum is undertaking an exciting new project called ‘Hostel Stories’. The aim of the project is to collect records of migrant hostel life, which will contribute to an exhibition in 2013.

Thousands of migrants passed through South Australia’s migrant hostels, reception centres and camps – including Elder Park, Gepps Cross, Glenelg, Rosewater, Pennington/Finsbury, Smithfield, Willaston and Woodside – from the 1940s to the 1980s. The hostels were temporary homes to a wide range of migrants, from Displaced Persons and refugees, through to Ten Pound Poms.

The opportunity to gather first-hand accounts of day to day life in the hostels is diminishing as the years pass by. This project will help ensure that the memories are captured for future generations.

Throughout History month in May there will be numerous talks around Adelaide that focus on each of the hostel.   There will be one at the City of Playford relating to the Smithfield Hostel. 

Friday 10 May, 10 - 11.30 am
Playford Civic Centre, 10 Playford Boulevard, Elizabeth
 
Morning tea provided.  If you were there and have photographs or stories to tell please come along and share.

To view the other locations of talks please refer to the link below.  http://abouttime.sa.gov.au/organisers/migration-museum

Saturday, April 13, 2013

Elizabeth Council Coat of Arms


The Elizabeth Coat of Arms is steeped in symbolism linking the present day Elizabethan era with the Elizabethan era of old, which has built up the British Empire.

 In the centre of the coat of arms is an Elizabethan ship sailing toward the Southern Cross thus symbolising adventure and faith in the future which had led pioneers to settle in Australia originally.
 
Above the shield are ears of wheat representing the fact that the land where the city now stands was once farming land.
 
The motto FIDE ET LABORE means Faith and Hard Work, a motto that no early pioneer could shirk and as the modern day pioneers settled into the town they too found the inspiration to work hard and found faith in their new venture.

Above the coat of arms is the crown over the letter E which symbolises that HM Queen Elizabeth ІІ gave her blessing for the city to bear her name.

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

TROVE Tuesday

Anniversary

Anniversary services were conducted in the Smithfield Presbyterian Church on Sunday last under most favourable weather conditions. The congregations at both services were large and filled the church. Among the worshippers were old Smithfield Presbyterians who had come from Adelaide. The Rev. A. Richardson at the afternoon service took as his text: Exodus, chapter 33:verse 14, — My presence shall go with you, the subject being 'The value of the Divine Presence in everyday life.' 1st, It's value in the Soul's wintry experiences; 2nd, In character building; 3rd, In inspiring courage. The choir sang the anthem, 'Lift up your heads.'' Mrs. Harvey Kelly's two solos were much appreciated.
 
At the evening service the Church was again full. The hymns, which were old Anniversary favourites, were heartily sung by the congregation.  The Rev. A. Richardson occupied the pulpit and based his sermon on Iasiah 62 verse 10: 'Go through, go through j the gates' ; the subject being, 'Going | through gates.1' Mr. Clark sang the solo and the choir gave a delightful rendering of the Anthem, 'Oh, send out thy light.' Miss Blake ably presided at the organ. 
 
On Monday night the Anniversary celebrations closed with the choir giving a fine rendering of the Sacred Cantata, 'River Singers,' to a good audience.  The solos and duets wore tastefully sung and in some of the part songs the choir did fine work.  Miss James read the story with marked ability, and Miss Blake's work at the organ was most effective.  Mr. Richardson expressed the thanks of the office bearers and congregation to all who had taken part.  Mr. Locket ably supported this vote of thanks. The singing of the National Anthem brought to a close one of the most successful Anniversaries for many years.
 
The Bunyip 28 September 1934

Thursday, April 4, 2013

How the streets got there names

How are street names chosen?  Some are named after a connection that people had in the area with place names from other countries.

As the mother town of Elizabeth, the town of Salisbury, was laid out by John Harvey, a man who held land on Elizabeth soil, the Housing Trust followed his example of naming the town of Salisbury and some of its streets after his wife’s birthplace.

Ann Harvey came from the village of Trowbridge in the County of Wiltshire of which Salisbury was the main town.
The Housing Trust officials obtained the names of all the streets in Wiltshire, England, and when they had all been used, they began using names from the neighbouring town of Dorset.

Allington, Barrinton, Gadley, Dilton,and Hale are but a few of such names.
Within its boundaries lie Fremont Park and the Fremont High School.

Fremont is the American sister city of Elizabeth (see Fremont).
Some are to do with history
In the centre of Elizabeth, Elizabeth Way circles the Town Centre, and the streets within its boundary were named after great men of the first Elizabethan era, such as Drake, Frobisher, Grenville, Hawkins and Sydney.

As Elizabeth is named after the Queen of England other  Royal Family such as Philip Highway, Prince Charles Walk, Princess Ann Walk and streets named for Prince Andrew and Prince Edward were used.
Early pioneer of the area
Previous farmers and landowners who sold their land to the Housing Trust will be remembered by the streets named for them.  Ayling, Burdett, Chivell, Fatchen, Guerin, Gunther, Haynes, Hecker, Jarvis, Judd, Linger, Mahood, Nitschke, Secombe and Smithen are some of the names seen around Elizabeth.

One of the most famous of these names above is Carl Linger who will always be remembered in South Australia for having written the ‘Song of Australia’, and each year his memory is honoured by the laying of a wreath on his grave on Australia Day.
Nitschke Street was named after the well-known sportsman, grazier, stud farm owner and race horse breeder.  His stud farm was in the Elizabeth South Industrial Area bordered by Philip Highway and Hogarth Road, which became one of the first factory sites in Elizabeth.

Another group of people the streets were named for were the Original Crown Grantees.  The names of Bishop Short, Dr Trimmer, John Ridley and the family names of Swan, Walsh and Wiley are seen around Elizabeth.
John Ridley had several land holdings in South Australia.  He was the inventor of the stripper and harvester and held land in many wheat growing areas where he experimented on crops.
Early land owners dating back to 1847-1857 included the Roman Catholic Bishop Murphy, Police Commissioner Peterswald (the street was incorrectly named Peterswool) and the name of Sandford who pioneered the Australian Steel Industry.
The Judd brothers Richard and Edward owned the land in the centre of Elizabeth bordering Philip Highway, and the Main North Road.  They also owned the Olive Grove in Elizabeth east, which has been developed into a park, leaving the Olive Grove as it was originally planted, with olive trees brought out to Australia by the early settlers.

Kevin Judd also farmed land in the area where the great General Motor Holdens Ltd complex now stands.
Judd Road which now passes their old homestead is named for the Judd brothers, who sold their homestead and land to the Housing Trust for the development of Elizabeth.

As there were very few trees or buildings in the area of the new town, owing to the fact that it was mostly farming crop land, the Housing Trust kept every standing tree and every homestead where possible, and made use of them.  Hence the lovely old gum trees adorning the medium density units on the corner of Philip Highway and Judd Road were once part of the Judd Family homestead yard.
The Guerin family continued farming their land right up until the town began to close in around them.  They began farming their land in 1908 with 342 acres bordering the Main North Road, in what is now the Elizabeth Vale and Grove neighbourhoods, which was passed on to the brothers Tom and Mark Guerin when their father passed away.

Tom lived with his wife Ella and family in the old homestead until its demolition.  They took with them some of the original stone from which the homestead was built about 100 years ago, and had it built into the patio of their new home in Collingbourne Drive as a reminder of their past family history.
Guerin Road in Elizabeth Vale runs through the land which was once farmed by the Guerin family.

In 1847, eleven years after the foundation of the colony of South Australia, one of the first Crown Grant land sales was recorded of land which is now in the precincts of the Elizabeth boundaries.  It was bought by John Harvey, a young Scotsman who came to the new colony on the ship Superb in October 1839.  He was a young man with foresight and a true spirit of pioneering.
He settled in Gawler, north of Adelaide in 1843 and drove the mail between Gawler and Adelaide for about twelve months.

The energetic and hard working Harvey will be remembered as the founder of the town of Salisbury.  He laid out the town and after surveying he named it after his wife’s birthplace in Wiltshire, England, and the streets after members of his family (see Street Names of Elizabeth).
His wife, Ann, was the daughter of William and Emma Pitman, a cousin of Sir Isaac Pitman, the man who devised and introduced shorthand to the business world.

John Harvey was an industrious young man, farmer, builder and politician as well as being a family minded man.  The inspiration that is born in pioneers to organise and build for the future was evident in him.
With the early land owners there were Butterfield, Chivell, Coglin, Hawk, Ifould, Innes, McLean, Ranger, Richardson, Tolmer and Wilson most of whom were early Munno Para East Councillors.

Numerous streets were named after early farmers and settlers, a blacksmith named Bartlett and a veterinarian named Bloomfield, two school teachers Connell and Leonard, Skewes a store keeper and Walpole a local hotel keeper, Chesterman a wheelwright, Parkinson a vigneron and Peachey a surveyor.
The school teacher Leonard worked to help establish the Congregational Church in South Australia and Garlick a stalwart Baptist is also remembered as one of the founders of the Baptist Church in South Australia.

People who helped build Elizabeth
Kettering was one of the early Presidents of GMH whose mighty complex came to be the backbone of industry in Elizabeth and in the state of South Australia.

Another venue for names came from those who assisted in the planning of the Lyell McEwin Hospital.  The Housing Trust saw fit to honour these people by naming streets within the vicinity of the hospital after them, such as Matron Banwell and Mr John Joel the first Administrator of the hospital and many others (see Lyell McEwin Hospital).
Mavros Road, in Elizabeth Downs was named after a “New Australian” who was accidently killed while carrying out his duty of employment for the CSIRO, testing soil.  The incident badly shook the housing industry in Elizabeth at that time, and the street name now stands as his epitaph.

Aboriginal names
A further section of streets were given aboriginal names such as Chowilla, Currawong, Dimboola, Karinga and so on.

Botanical names
A separate housing development in the south west corner of Elizabeth Vale was give botanical names such as Hybiscus, Rhus, Prunis, and Abelia to name the streets in this section.

The Battle of Midway
Naming streets become a big problem in a project the size of the city of Elizabeth, so new themes were continually being explored to come up with street names.

One such theme was “The Battle of Midway”, and streets in the Elizabeth East neighbourhood were named after Admirals, aircraft carriers, ships, submarines and men who fought in the battle.
Every war has its tales of ups and downs, just as in the Elizabethan era when Sir Francis Drake outwitted and outsailed the overwhelming strength of the Spanish Armada.  Had he lost the battle at sea, the Spaniards may well have overpowered Britain.
The Battle of Midway was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II.  Between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea, the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.

War heroes
Honour rolls are seldom looked at except on commemoration days, so the Housing Trust saw fit to name some of the streets in Elizabeth after the South Australian Victoria Cross winners of the 1st and 2nd World Wars and the Vietnam War.

The names of Badcoe, Blackburn, Derrick, Hawker, Inwood, Jenson, Kibby and Leake all have their own little honour board in Elizabeth as a memory of their valour.

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

History Council of SA Awards

HISTORY COUNCIL OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA AWARDS 2013

These annual awards honour the achievements of South Australian historians. Three awards and an essay prize recognise individuals for outstanding research and scholarship and acknowledge their broader contribution through teaching, leadership, mentoring and community involvement. The closing date for award nominations is 31 May. The Governor of South Australia will present the awards on 29 July 2013.

SOUTH AUSTRALIAN LIFE-LONG HISTORY ACHIEVEMENT AWARD
SOUTH AUSTRALIAN HISTORIAN OF THE YEAR AWARD
EMERGING SOUTH AUSTRALIAN HISTORIAN OF THE YEAR
WAKEFIELD COMPANION TO SA HISTORY UNDERGRADUATE ESSAY PRIZE

For more information visit our website. Nomination forms can be downloaded from our website
http://historycouncilsa.org.au/resources/south-australian-history-awards/

History Council of South Australia
www.historycouncilsa.org.au


Tuesday, April 2, 2013

TROVE Tuesday

SHOULD LADIES RIDE ASTRIDE
Gawler Plains. February 6 1909

Dear General— Having just spent several months in the South-East holiday-making, and being the guest of a well-to-do squatter, who placed at my disposal a lady's hack,  I, in company with his daughters, learned to ride horseback. I thought I would like to ride astride, and so, with a divided skirt, I was helped into the saddle by my lady companions. I found it a pleasure, feeling so safe and comfortable, much more so than when I tried to ride side-saddle.  In riding sideway there was not the balance of weight on the animal's back. Besides, to me there was more sport in having a good gallop sitting astride. How I envied the men who go hunting and racing. Since I learnt I have become quite an adept in the saddle. Then there is the consolation if your horse should they or bolt, you have far more command over it than otherwise. I advise all my young lady friends to learn to ride astride. It is safer, more comfortable, your figure is more erect, and with the divided skirt well made and of proper length, it does not in any way look 'mannish.' It looks graceful and fits you to be a better horse woman.
 
I am, &,
DOLLY REED
 
The Chronicle 13 February 1909