Thursday, December 19, 2013

Elizabeth Industrial area

Holden's factory and surrounding industrial area
Elizabeth was planned with an industrial area. In the west and in the south are two large industrial areas totalling some 1,100 acres.  These industrial estates are separated from the residential areas by means of open reserves.  They are easy of access by the employees and are situated near the living areas, as well as road and rail transport.

The largest single industrial site is being developed by General Motors-Holden’s Pty. Limited.  The Company has progressively established an impressive plant on its 312-Acre area since 1958.

Several manufacturers supplying the Australian market (and, in some cases, the overseas market) have begun production in new factories at Elizabeth – Pinnock Manufacturing Co. Ltd., is making domestic sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, floor polishers, oil space heaters, lawn movers and slotted steel angle; Broons Containers (S.A.) Pty. Ltd., makes fibreboard containers and packaging materials; and Texas Instruments Australia Limited, which is a subsidiary of Texas Instruments Incorporated of the United States of America, is producing non-ferrous cold rolled strip and electrical control devices.

Schrader-Scovill Company Proprietary Limited, a subsidiary of the Scovill Manufacturing Company Incorporated of the United States of America, manufactures air valve equipment; Kenwood Peerless Proprietary Limited, a subsidiary of Kenwood Manufacturing Company Limited, of the United Kingdom, is manufacturing a range of food mixers and food processing items.  Caterpillar of Australia Ltd., a subsidiary of Caterpillar Tractor Company of the United States of America, is manufacturing forklift handling vehicles.

Electric storage batteries are made at Elizabeth by South Australian Battery Makers Pty. Ltd., a subsidiary of the Chloride Electrical Storage Co. Ltd., of England, the largest battery makers in the British Commonwealth.  Bliss Welded Products Ltd., a subsidiary of Gulf & Western Industries of the United States of America, manufactures intravenous fluids.

Pyrotechnics Pty. Ltd. has established a unit to manufacture fireworks and commercial pyrotechnics in this State.  Ernest Wirth Pty. Limited, and an associate company, Kentish Clothes Pty. Limited, are manufacturing tailors of men’s ready-made suits and sports clothes.  James Hardie and Co. Pty. Limited manufactures “Fibrolite” asbestos cement pressure water pipe.  Australian Liquid Air Pty. Limited a subsidiary of Societe L’Air Liquide of France manufactures industrial gases.

Metal manufactures (S.A.) Pty. Ltd., which is well-known as the largest manufacturer in Australia of non-ferrous wires and cables.  Cable Makers Australia (S.A.) Proprietary Limited is also well-known in Australia and manufactures a range of cables and wires.

Worldwide Cams Pty. Ltd., as subsidiary of Alberta Trailer Company (1961) Ltd., of Canada, is manufacturing industrial trailer camps.  L.B. Stockdale Pty. Ltd., which has a close association with the well-known machine tool manufacturer, Kerry’s (Great Britain) Ltd., is active in machine tool manufacture and reprecisioning.

Some 30 other companies have also established at Elizabeth and between them cover a wide variety of service industry and manufacturing activities such as :- mechanical and electrical engineering; radio, T.V. and electrical appliance repairs; transport and shipping agents; garden nursery supplies; structural, general and precision engineering; printing; crash repairs and spray painting and manufacture of aerated waters; sheet metal products; rotary brooms and concrete products.
How many of these survive today?


Tuesday, December 17, 2013

TROVE Tuesday


Smithfield has lost its school teacher, Mr. Day after seven years' association with the children of that neighborhood. The residents felt that they should honor the splendid services of the teacher, and Mr. and Mrs. Day were tendered a farewell social in the local hall.  The Chairman of the School Committee, Mr. A. Worden, eulogised Mr. Day's abilities as a teacher. Especially, emphasising the fact that since his arrival in Smithfield every child, put forward had gained the qualifying; certificate, and the promotion record were very high.  Other speakers were the Rev. H. G Dwyer and Mr. El. Rigg, the latter handing Mr Day a cricket bat in appreciation of his efforts towards the cricket club and for having gained the Highest batting average for the season 1927-28.  Mr. Worden, on behalf of the residents, presented to Mr. and Mrs. Day a tea and coffee service in silver on a silver-mounted tray.  The children in grades I, II., and III presented Mrs. Day with a large Fowler's preserving outfit, and grades IV. to VII., to Mr. Day, a travelling rug. 

Musical items were rendered by Misses Blake, Lillecrapp, Argent, Broster, Twelftree, and Mr. Pederick.  A supper and dance followed.  The young couple's new home will be at Minlaton, on the Peninsula.  Mrs. Day is a daughter of Mr. A. J. Davis, of Walkerville, and, for several years a resident of the Gawler district

The Bunyip 6 April 1928

Monday, December 16, 2013

How Holdens came to Elizabeth

In late 1955, Sir Tom Playford managed to persuade the President of General Motors that any new Holden factory should be sited at Elizabeth.  Housing Trust, General Manager, Alex Ramsay, was told to escort the GM President to Elizabeth and sell him whatever land he liked.  Playford told Mr Ramsay that ‘any reasonable request would be met.’  ‘If they wanted us to bend a road, we would bend it.’  In fact, this was done and explains why the main road, Philip Highway, today has a deviation from the original which ran straight through the Holden plant and was known as Glue pot road. 
Ramsay returned to the city with the news that he had sold GM 324 acres.  But there was a problem; the land he’d sold didn’t actually belong to the Housing Trust.  It was owned by an old farmer, Kevin Judd, who had always refused to part with it.  And it was the only site GMH was interested in.  It couldn’t be compulsorily acquire because it wasn’t for Government purposes.  So Ramsay had to go back to purchase the land.

However, the farmer took some persuading winning over.  He established that the farmer would be making a rare trip to Adelaide to collect a load of barley for his cows at Kent Town malthouse.  Ramsay at once expressed great interest in the operation and offered to meet his new friend at the malthouse and help him load his truck.

It was a very hot day and the farmer was elderly and Alex was not a strong person.  However, between them they got the ancient truck loaded.  The farmer told Alex he knew they could get a couple of pots of free beer from a window at the back of the malthouse.

After several rounds the farmer said:  ‘Ramsay, I’d sell you the land you want but I don’t want to handle all that money.  What do I do?’ 

Alex told him to hang on while he rang the Premier for advice.  It was decided that Ramsay would become his unpaid attorney and  take charge of the money.

The deal was then clinched.

When the Premier told the GM President the story he said they would need only a small part of their 300 acres during the next few years.  So far as the company was concerned Kevin could stay where he was and go on farming for the rest of his life free of any rent or other costs.  And that’s what happened.  Alex Ramsay looked after the farmer’s money until he died.

What Playford usually neglected to add to this entertaining story is that Kevin Judd may have been cannier than he was given credit for.  His obstinate refusal to sell his land until the last moment had gained him a price of £1,030 an acre for it - a record price for that area.

Friday, December 13, 2013

The end for General Motors Holdens
Holden's Elizabeth plant in 1965, producing Holden HD and (bottom left) Vauxhall Viva motor cars.  For more images of Holden's through the years click on the image above

It is sad news this week as we heard that General Motor Holden's will cease production at its Elizabeth plant in 2017.  Holden's has been such a huge employer for the area.  The Holden's factory to Elizabeth was a great catch which consolidated the Housing Trusts plans and enabled it to increase its aim for Elizabeth's population from about 20,000 to 50,000. 

Holden is a South Australian name.  James Alexander Holden set up a leather and saddling business in Adelaide in 1854.  The business grew, became the carriage and body building firm of Holden and Frost, an in 1917 Holden's Motor Body Builders Ltd.  In 19326, General Motors came to Australia, and in 1931 the two firms merged to form General Motors - Holden's Pty Ltd.  Initially the factory was at Woodville from 1924, but it could not expand, and by the early 1950's was looking for a new site.  Elizabeth was attractive as the Housing Trust offered a housing scheme to GMH employees and even promised to turn the course of the Phillip Highway so that the factory buildings could be better positioned.

Sir Thomas Playford was so keen for Holden's to move to Elizabeth that they reversed the usual procedure and sold the land to the firm before acquiring it themselves.

To be continued...

Thursday, December 5, 2013

How the Centrals Football Club began

1964 Centrals ground

First meeting
Meeting held January 19th, 1956 ‘Formation Football Club’.
A meeting was held on the premises of Mr Button for the purpose of forming a Football Club at Elizabeth.

Approximately 30 interested supporters attended including the President of the Gawler Football League and representatives from the Salisbury and Salisbury North, Smithfield Football Clubs.

The proposal of forming a Club was discussed and resulted in Mr White moving with Mr McCulloch seconding that a Football Club be formed at Elizabeth.  Carried.

Mr Emery moved, seconded by Mr Dawe that an interim committee of nine be appointed to enquire further into the prospects and report to the General meeting when called.
Nominations for the committee were then called and resulted as follows.

Chairman; Mr T. Croxton
Secretary: Mr J McCulloch
Committee members; Messers Dawe, Elliott, Jenkins, Moser, Emery, McLeod, and Pyatt.

A vote of thanks to the visiting representatives was carried and each visitor outlined the activities of their club and association promising loyal support to any venture the new club may take.

The newly formed committee then decided to meet at Mr Pyatt’s residence on Wednesday January 25th 1956 to further consider the formation of a club.

Meeting ceased 10pm.

Thomas Coxton

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Elizabeth Marching Girls

Elizabeth Marching Girls
The sport was introduced into Australia in 1946 by a resident of Tamworth New South Wales.  Teams soon sprang up in many towns in others NSW and Newcastle.  The sport spread to Western Australia in 1952, Tasmania in 1956, South Australia 1957.  The first team in SA was known as the ‘Scarlet Leprechauns', formed in Penola.  In 1962 there were 200 teams in the state.
The first marching teams were formed in Elizabeth in October 1958, when the Elizabeth sub-branch of the Returned Soldiers League sponsored the formation of two teams. From this beginning the RSL Elizabethan Marching Girls Club consisted of five teams, known as the ‘Raleigh’s’ (Seniors), ‘Cavaliers’ and Windsor’s (Junior) and ‘Brigadiers and ‘Grenadiers’ (Midgets). 

The chairman of the RSL Elizabethans in 1962 was Mr A. Hemley.
A team consists of an Instructor, Chaperone and up to 14 girls including reserves, but only 9 girls and a leader take part in the competition for displays.  Team decisions are made only by the vote of all team members. 

Teams from Elizabeth have travelled to Melbourne, Mt Gambier, Pt Pirie, Renmark and Barmera to compete and give displays.  Team contests were held during the Elizabeth Birthday celebrations  as part of the North Metropolitan Zone of the South Australian Marching Girls Association , held on Ridley Road, Reserve, Elizabeth.

Friday, November 22, 2013

Agricuture in Munno Para

Agriculture expanded very rapidly in the decade or so that followed the beginnings of large-scale settlement. By 1856, 20,000 acres of land in the Munno Para Councils were planted with wheat. (Munno Para East 6000 of 40,000 acres under wheat. Munno Para West almost 15,000 of 25,000).

In contrast to Munno Para West, Munno Para East was a sparsely occupied district. It was, already by the beginning of the 1860s however, pasturing a large number of sheep and cattle (there were over 4000 sheep in 1861), an activity which was to continue to expand during the following decades.

Between 1871 and 1881 the number of sheep and lambs increased from about 6500 to over 20,000 while at the same time the amount of land devoted to wheat growing declined, form about 7000 acres to just over 2200 acres.

Playford Historical Society

Earlier this year a meeting was held to see if a historical society could be established in  Playford.  We had enough interest to form a standing committee and over the past few months have been developing the idea further. 

We will start meetings in February 2014, and formally launch the society in History Month 2014.  There is still lots to do and we are looking for more helpers. For more details read the new page  about the society on this blog .

Thursday, November 21, 2013

Early roads in the district

Transport was an important subject in the 1850’s as it affected the everyday life of the people in terms by reducing their isolation and facilitating the movement of goods and produce. The Munno Para district, had few good roads. Many were no more than mere tracks subject to the vagaries of the weather. Little could be done about these, by councils which had very little money or manpower, so that the ‘main road’ linking the district to Adelaide became the focus of most commercial movement. The Great North Road to Gawler was important as all traffic to the northern districts beyond Gawler used it, for example the copper mines at Kapunda and The Burra.
The Road became even more significant after the opening up of the mid-north to agricultural cultivation in the 1870s. The other main route form Adelaide was the road to Port Wakefield where a harbour was opened in 1850 to which copper form the Burra mine could be conveyed for shipment. It does not appear to have been a major line of communication until somewhat later in the nineteenth century.

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

TROVE Tuesday - Long Range Weapons

26 June 1954, Advertiser

TROVE Tuesday


The Smithfield Dramatic Club are to make another appearance in the Gawler Institute Hall on Monday, February 13, in aid of the Hutchinson Hospital.  On two previous occasions this club have appeared in Gawler to crowded houses, and they are also favorites in the districts of Smithfield, Virginia, Williamstown, and Wasleys, where they are always greeted with bumper audiences. The Smithfield folk, under their stage manager and director, Mr, H. S. Featherstone, always work in the cause of charity, and on Monday next their effort will be to supplement the fund to raise money to erect an over way between the main hospital and the Maternity Block; for at present the nurses and attendants have to cross an open space in all sorts of weather.  The piece to be staged is 'Her Heart's Desire,' a comedy in three acts, and which has been splendidly greeted wherever presented.

The Bunyip 17 February 1928

Friday, November 15, 2013

Memories of Smithfield Hostel

Some more memories of Smithfield Hostel from an unpublished history of Playford.

Mr. H. Wright who arrived at Port Adelaide in August 1958 on board the P. & O. ship “Straithhaird” with his wife and two year old son recollected that from Port Adelaide.

We were taken by bus (Bulls Hire Coaches) on what
seemed a journey to nowhere, for after we passed Gepps Cross
there was nothing but paddocks until we reached the Hostel at
Smithfield. Our first impressions of Smithfield Hostel was that of
a displaced persons camp. Rows of Nissen huts, set in the middle
of nowhere, surrounded by a wire fence, it even had gates at the
entrance. Our first thoughts were “what have we come to?”

Mrs. D. Scales of Elizabeth West writes that:

We came over by air in 1965. It cost us 10 pound each, children free.
Most of the information we received was very misleading. My husband
and brother-in-law had the idea that they would be able to build housed
of wood which would be laying around. We expected to see wild animals
running around. All we saw were fields full of thistles. We came over to
Adelaide from Melbourne in a tiny old plane and were so disappointed
to see tin roofs. It was stinking hot. The Good Neighbour people met us
at Adelaide and welcomed us. There we were put on a buds bound for
Elizabeth. Half way here it broke down so we had to take all the cases
off and wait for a relief bus to be sent. More fields of thistles also some
dirty brown sheep. English sheep are white. We looked everywhere for
a tap to get a drink of water. It was 108 degrees in the shade and my
husband wanted to go home. He didn’t like the thistles. We were all
wearing our winter woollies. I didn’t think I’d be able to breathe.
When we reached the hostel it was evening. But we straight away
found a meal.

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Elizabeth has real community spirit

Channel 9 news recently did a story on Elizabeth, how it has changed over time. Rob Kelvin interviewed Dorothy Joel, aged 92  who still lives in her original Elizabeth home.  They moved in, in January 1959.  She said it was a very friendly community and that they loved it.  Dorothy believes the community spirit is still alive in Elizabeth.  What are your thoughts on this?

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Post a memory

Recently people were asked to write a memory about Elizabeth on the back of a postcard, this is what some wrote.

The days (and nights) when you could go to bed with the doors and windows unlocked.

I remember moving from the hostel into Elizabeth Downs, we had neighbours of English, Dutch, Australian origin and our family from Glasgow, it was a wonderful place to grow up and live with many wonderful memories.  I saw the Queen on Hamblyn road.  It was an experience I will never forget.

The fun of the Birthday celebrations are sadly missed.

My wife and I first lived in Goodwood rd, Elizabeth South.  The roads weren't sealed, there was alot of mud, but great community spirit with the early settlers.

What memories do you have of the area?

Hairy Mancestors

In support of Movember, Inside History magazine are asking people to share photos of their moustached ancestors to help raise funds for men’s health. For each “hairy mancestor” posted, Inside History will donate 50c to the Movember cause.

To share your photos of your hairy mancestors, simply “Like” the Inside History Movember Facebook page and post your photo. Include their name, story and the approximate date of the photo.

For each hairy mancestor posted, Inside History will donate 50c to Movember. To increase the donation to $1, post a current pic of yourself (or partner, brother, father, son etc) sporting a similarly fabulous moustache alongside your ancestor’s photo so we can see the resemblance.

Everyone who uploads a photo of their ancestor will go into the draw to win one of two World Heritage Memberships. So what are you waiting for?

Upload your hairy mancestor today!

Monday, November 4, 2013

Remembering our local Anzacs

The State Library will be undertaking a Centenary of ANZAC initiative around the forthcoming Remembrance Day on Monday, November 11.

We invite local communities across the State to contribute images of South Australians who served during WW1 – particularly their ancestors or other relatives -  and also help us identify the unknown South Australians whose pictures are already in our collections.
Add your pictures to the State Library’s Flickr set, South Australians of WW1: Share their Story, see for the details. There is a story featured in the news column on our home page, with a link to our South Australians of WW1 Library Guide  which includes instructions on how to access Flickr.

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

TROVE Tuesday


The motor speedway at Smithfield was 'blooded' at mid-day Wednesday when a light car, under trial, capsized and injured the two occupants necessitating their removal to the Hutchinson Hospital, Gawler.  The Victims, Mr. Bernard F. Dittmar and Mr. Colin E. Ross, both garage proprietors in Adelaide, went on to the track to practice a light car for the speed meeting this month.  Mr. Dittmar was driving, but was not travelling at a great rate.  When rounding the home, turn, the rear side near tyre blew out.  The car shot into the air and turned several somersaults for about 20 yards along the track.  Both men (neither wearing helmets) went flying out on to their heads.  Mr. Ross lay unconscious, and remained so for about an hour after admission to the hospital.  He is suffering from concussion and abrasions.  Mr. Dittmar was conscious, despite severe scalp wounds and a large number of stitches had to be inserted in the lacerations.  Dr Dawes, who is the surgeon to the Speedway Club, attended the sufferers. 

The speedway is always open for practice on Wednesday and Saturday mornings, an official superintending and on Wednesday the captain (Mr J. L. Koch) was in charge.

The Bunyip 12 November 1926

Friday, October 4, 2013

The Civic Theatres

The Elizabeth Civic Theatres were officially opened on 21st August, 1965 by the Governor of South Australia, Sir Eric Bastyan.
They were designed by Geoffrey Shedley, chief Architect of the South Australian Housing Trust, and built by the Elizabeth City Council at a cost of approximately half a million dollars.

The final design resulted in two separate units, an intimate theatre seating 412 named The Shedley after its designer and a stadium type theatre named The Octagon with a seating capacity of 1422.
The Octagon was designed to cater for any type of entertainment from stage shows, balls and cabarets to indoor sports, exhibitions, cinema events, boxing and promotional activities. Its popularity over the year has been marked by the addition of events such as musical concerts, eight-ball championships, darts championships, wrestling, Bingo and community activities such as large presentations, public meetings and baby shows to mention a few.

The Shedley had been home to several local groups such as the Elizabeth Repertory Company, the Northern Light Theatre Company, Mirrabooka and recently the S.A. Stage Company.  It has also been the venue for productions by visiting groups and theatrical companies such as the Australian Dance Theatre, the Australian Elizabethan Theatre Trust and the South Australian Theatre Company.

Memorable events include the appearance of Acker Bilk and Jacques Loussier during the Fifth Adelaide Festival of Arts at the Octagon on separate nights, and Ken Goodwin from the London Palladium at The Shedley.

Friday, September 27, 2013


Smithfield is located in an area that was once known as the Gawler Plains.  It lies on the north bank of Smith’s Creek between the Gawler River in the north and Little Para River in the south.  Well into the twentieth century Smithfield was an agricultural district noted for its cereal crops, particularly wheat and hay, and livestock.   Rapid expansion of the metropolitan area since the 1970s has seen the old township of Smithfield closed in by housing developments.
The Smithfield Township was an early settlement to South Australia originally named Smith’s Creek after John Smith, a Scottish migrant and one of the first settlers in the area.  Smith a wheat farmer and hotel keeper had arrived in South Australia in 1838. 
His land was situated near the Main North Road known at that time as the Great North Road which linked Adelaide to Gawler.  The first home Smith built was on the very edge of the Main North Road.  Smith had seen potential in positioning his homestead close to the road travelling north and set up part of the Homestead as the first inn at Smithfield.  With the establishment of a mail service and the discovery of copper further north Smith’s inn soon became a popular staging point by those making long journeys between towns.  A trip from Adelaide to Gawler would take twelve hours by bullock and dray.    
Within six years Smith became the largest land owner in the area.  By 1852 ideas of a township were beginning to form.  Smith had sketched out plans in his ledger that year which included a site for his new inn, shops, and school all fronting the Main North Road.  Smith’s Creek had been sketched and it was noted as having running water, an important asset for early settlers.   By 1853 section 3165 was surveyed and subdivided into town allotments for Smith’s new township.  Smith came under close inspection as private ownership of a town was not considered appropriate and the government ordered that an auction be held to sell the allotments to the public.  The allotments went up for sale on 18 April, 1854 and the auction was commenced with the firing of a gun.  Only nine allotments were sold and the balance remained in John Smith’s ownership for some time. 
The township had streets in a grid pattern which surrounded a central square.  Smith named the central square in his plan, Augusta Square.  Smithfield was a mainly Scottish settlement and here in the centre of town Smith wanted the site of a Presbyterian Church for the local Scottish Community.  Land was donated by Smith to build the church in 1855, one of the first buildings in the area.   Within two years Smithfield had a store, post office, telegraph station, granary, a coach building business, undertaker, railway station, cattle yards, institute building, a new inn and a blacksmith. 
By the 1860’s Smithfield was an industrious and thriving rural centre with the railway line and the Main North Road its main routes of communication.
You can explore the town of Smithfield with Google maps. Places of historic interest have been marked on this map.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Joseph Blake and Blakeview

Joseph Blake
The suburb of Blakeview was originally known as Smithfield until the residents of the Springvale Estates petitioned the Geographical Names Advisory Committee for a name change. The committee suggested to council the use of the name Blakeview after Joseph Blake, the first blacksmith in the area.

Blake was born in 1863 in Smithfield. He had a shop next to the Smithfield Hotel from which he ran his coach¬building business, manufactured farm trolleys and wagons. Later he became Smithfield's undertaker and blacksmith.

His father, also named Joseph, migrated to Australia from Hawick, Scotland, on board the ship 'Albatross' arriving in Melbourne in 1851.  Joseph senior established a business as a wheelwright at Smithfield, and worked there until his death in 1886.  Joseph junior undertook a wheelwright apprenticeship through his father and eventually took control of the business. The wagons and trolleys lie manufactured were often on exhibition at agricultural shows, both in Adelaide and in the country areas, where he won many prizes for them.

Joseph Junior held official positions in the district as the auditor for the District Council of Munno Para East and West, the Registrar of Births, and Deaths, for the Port Gawler District as well as Trustee of the Institute and Presbyterian Church (his father having been a founder of both the Institute and the Church).  He married Martha Coker in 1890, and they had three sons and three daughters.
A local ghost story tells of the ghost of Joseph Blake, still driving his hearse, dressed in undertaker black, drawn by two white headless horses. On certain nights, he can be seen galloping past the junction of Uley and One Tree Hill Roads.

Thursday, September 12, 2013

The Olive Grove

The Olive grove was a large part of the Judd families farming operations.  What is left of the Olive grove today is only a small portion of the original grove.  It is estimated that the grove was planted in the early 1900’s by the Judd brothers, Richard and Edward. Further up towards Whyte bank are a few scattered olive trees.  At one time the grove extended along the breaks of Breakneck creek towards Whyte Bank and probably covered most of the area right up towards the foothills.

An Adelaide firm would come out every year to pick the olive crop.
The Olive grove was purchased by the SA Housing Trust in the 1950’s.

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

TROVE Tuesday


The high wind last Friday morning resulted in a vortex about a mile the other side of Smithleld, and much damage was done. The 'blow' took place about 9.30 a.m., when the wind came from the direction of Parafield, where a large pine and several almond trees were uprooted. The telegraph line along the bitumen road, carrying 56 wires, offered, resistance, but had to give way before the blast five iron posts being bent over until the cross arms touched the road.  The home of Mr. W. E. Penfold received the full fury.  A chimney was blown down and the house roof twisted badly out of position. The occupants were at breakfast at the time, and were considerably alarmed to see the ceiling rise in a most peculiar manner.  A galvanized iron and timber shed was completely wrecked and scattered about the farm.  A four-wheeled trailer used in connection with the farm tractor, and weighing 15 cwt, was blown out of a paddock right across the road, and a one-ton dray, which, had been standing in the paddock, was afterwards found with its wheels on either side of a strainer-post upon which it had fallen.  It had been carried over a fence four feet high.  Several large gum trees were also up rooted.  In one instance, a patch of twelve trees, each about 50 feet high, was levelled.  From others huge branches were torn and trees of 2 ft in circumference were snapped off at the bases.  Fortunately the storm, which was accompanied, by hailstones of large size; and jagged edges was confined to a narrow area, only about quarter mile in width.  One tree Hill was in the track of the visitant, but with the exception of a shed going down the property of Mr, Ayling, the damage done was not great. Despite the telegraph line being down, conmunication was not interfered with, and repair gangs had the interruption, repaired during the afternoon.

The Bunyip 28 May 1926

Friday, August 9, 2013

Teachers at Angle Vale school

Mary Sullivan, teacher in the 1920's
1868 – 1869       CRISP, Ann
1870  - 1873       SYMONDS, Richard G.
1876                    TUCKER, Fanny
 1877                    ADAMS, Daniel Harvey
1877                    TUCKER, Fanny
1878  - 1879       ADAMS, Daniel Harvey
1880  - 1882       EKERS, Mary
1883  - 1885       RODDA, Mary Watson
1886                    JOHANNING, William
1887 – 1888       SEMMEL, Carl
1889                    MOORE, Bessie [nee GILBERT]  
Bessie conducted one of Uncle Harry’s Sunbeam Circles.  Angle Vale was no.2 circle and was named Charles Kinglsley.  Uncle Harry aka David H. Bottrill. Postal clerk and journalist.  Sunbeam Society of South Australia, a children's club to teach 'the blessedness of helping others … loving kindness and self-denial'. They were encouraged to form 'Sunbeam circles', each consisting of about six children and taking its name from an eminent public or historical figure, which met monthly for social activities or fund-raising. By 1903 there were 285 circles. The club was run through 'Uncle Harry's' sentimental, doting letters in the children's column of the weekly Observer and Saturday's issue of the Evening Journal. 'Sunbeams' raised large sums to assist the Adelaide Children's Hospital and other local and overseas children's charities.

1889                    SEMMEL, Carl
1890 – 1896       MOORE, Bessie [nee GILBERT]
1897                    DRINKWATER, John David Albert
                             sponsored a literary society and singing lessons.

1897                    MOORE, Bessie [nee GILBERT]
1898  - 1900       DRINKWATER, John David Albert
1901                    DU BOIS, Ellen Maud Josephine
1901                    ROGASCH, Emma Louisa
1902  - 1905       DU BOIS, Ellen Maud Josephine
1905 – 1908       DUNGLESON, Winifred de Bournalle
1908                    PALMER, Ellen Frances
1909 – 1911       GRANT, Nellie
1912                    BERRY, Elsie Jane
1912                    GRANT, Nellie
1913 – 1919       WATSON, Helen Emily
                             Miss Watson started visiting days until Arbor day took its place. 

1920                    SULLIVAN, Mary Teresa
1920                    WATSON, Helen Emily

1921 – 1931       SULLIVAN, Mary Teresa
1932                    SPEED E. R
                             First man in charge for 31 years.

1936 – 1940       SUMMERTON, Maud Janet
1941                    BARRETT Agnes J. (3 weeks)
1942                    LAVERY Hugh
                             Enlisted in RAAF

                             DUNLOP Walter J
1945                    NEILL Richmond E

1948                    DURBRIDGE William PS
1952                    SHANGHESSY G
1958                    LINDER Don
It was during Don Linder’s term as head teacher that the first modern building was opened at the school, this was in 1958.  The old school room became part of the residence until it again had to be used as a classroom to accommodate the additional intake of 1966.

1959                    MULLER W.J
1960                    LEOPOLD Jack L
1966                    DESLANDES and assistant Miss P. Grund
1967                    ADAMS Charles and assistant Moss Kay Hunkin
1968                    HOWARD B.E and assistant Mrs Joan Howard.

Tuesday, August 6, 2013

TROVE Tuesday

Smithfield (First Innings)
Twelftree, T. c. Watson, b. Crocker 9
Bowman, K, l.b.w., b. Shillabeer 10
Day,. K, b. Shillabeer ........ 2
Burford, J., b. Crocker, .. . . .... 50
Judd, J., b. Walters .. .. .. .. ..133
Twelftree, S., c. Crocker, b. McKenzie, G............ 10
Manogue F. r.o. .. .-. .. ........ 28
Blake, K, c. Watson, b. McKenzie, F.........3
Judd, F., b. McKenzie, F . . . . .. 4
Brown, C, n.o. . . ... .... ...... 0
Byes .. .... ..  15
Total .. .... .. .. ...... 264
Bowling.-- Shillabeer, 2/28; Crocker, 2/59; McKenzie, F. 2/42; Walters, 1/21; McKenzie, G., 1/25.
One Tree Hill (First Innings)
McKenzie, G., b. Twelftree .  18
Walters, R., c. Manogue, b. Day . . 1
McKenzie, W., b. Day  8
Crocker, A., c. Manogue, b. Judd . . 13
McKenzie, H., l.b.w., b. Twelftree  29
Watson, E., b. Twelftree  2
McKenzie, A,, n.o. ....  5
Shillabeer, K., b. Twelftree ...... 8
Dalton, J., c. and b. Twelftree .... 0
McKenzie, F., st. Bowman, b. Judd 0
Total  84?
Bowling— Day, 2/27; Twelftree, 5/49; Judd, 2/8.
One Tree Hill (Second Innings.)
McKenzie, A., b. Day  0 
Watson, E., c. Judd, b. Twelftree 0
McKenzie, W., n.o.,  29
Walters,, R., b. Twelftree ...... 0
Crocker, -A., b. Twelftree... 0
McKenzie H., c. Manogue, b. Day 0
McKenzie, G., b. Day  0
Shillabeer, K., st. Bowman, b. Twelftree .. ..  11
Dalton, J., c. and b. Day ...... 5
McKenzie, F., b. Day ... . . 11
Byes ....................1
Total ................... 57 
Bowling.— Day, 5/26; Twelftree, 4/31.

The Bunyip 18 December 1925

Monday, August 5, 2013

The opening of the new Angle Vale school, 1874

The opening of their new school on Wednesday proved an event highly credit able to the enterprise, public spirit, and taste of our fast advancing neighbours of the little hamlet of Angle Vale. The weather, was delightful, and the consequence was, a very delightful assemblage of gay visitors from all parts adjacent, especially Gawler, which probably indicated a lively interest in the present system of public education as compared with that which the Adelaidians wish us to adopt for their exclusive benefit.

The new school is well situated, and had become a great desideratum since the transfer to Virginia of Mr. Talbot's services from Penfield.   The school room is 39 feet long by 18 wide, and is very lofty, an indispensable feature in this climate. It is furnished with a fire- place, for imparting warmth in winter and ventilation in summer.  Combined with the school is a master's residence consisting of sitting and sleeping rooms and kitchen. It is highly creditable to the northern division of Munno Para West, that the building, the cost of which has been £454 4s. 6d., was erected without any aid from the district rates. The Education board has contributed £200, and the accounts read at the evening lecture showed £112 3d, raised by private contributions, £40 1s. 8d. contributed in labour, and the results of the opening day being estimated at £35, the balance owing will not be a formidable difficulty to overcome.

The assembled company partook of lunch at noon, under the management of Miss Collins, assisted by Messrs. B. Heaslip, J. Lindsay, and J. Collins; lunch being prepared by Mr. J. S. Underdown addressing the company, stating, that the position he occupied as Chairman of the District Council of Munno Para West, had procured him the honour of opening the building in which they were assembled, for educational purposes.  Though indifferently qualified for discharging the duty which had come somewhat suddenly upon him, he felt honoured.  He highly complimented the residents of Angle Vale and the neighbourhood on their public spirited conduct in thus rearing an edifice for the benefit of the present and future generations, without applying to the district rates. Education of the young had in former days been much overlooked.  The times were however, altered, the world around us was rapidly progressing through the influence of education, and the uneducated must get behind in the moral and intellectual face.  He spoke, experimentally as he himself felt the want of a better education.  He was glad to learn that a competent teacher had been engaged for the school, and if well conducted, he anticipated that the school would flourish and prove of great value to the surrounding neighbourhood.  He then formally declared the school opened for educational purposes.

The ceremony and luncheon concluded, the appointed sports of the day were entered upon, Mr. Collins, J.P., acting as judge, and Mr. S. Coleman as starter. The tea party commenced its agreeable session at 3 in the afternoon, several relays being requisite. The tables were presided over by Mesdames Heaslip; Hatcher, Whitelaw, and J. B. Rowe.  
In the evening a lecture was delivered on 'Lights and Shadows of London Life,' by W. Townsford, Esq., M.P., which was well attended and afforded great satisfaction.   The Hon. J. Hogarth presided, and made an excellent speech appropriate to the occasion addressed to a crowded audience. A ball succeeded to the lecture, in which some three score couples participated, till the approach of twilight reminded the gay throng that all things earthly besides sorrow and calamity, red rust and take-all have an end.   The arrangements for the day were ably   carried out by the Committee — Messrs. Hatcher, J. Paterson, J. Lindsay, and J. B.R Howe, and J. Bateup, and though last not least Mr. Pocock of Smithfield, obligingly aided, by dispensing various liquid refreshments, the proceeds of which formed a liberal contribution, to the general fund for liquidating the remaining claims upon the Angle Vale school; the opening of which will be a day to be carried down to the next age with pleasing reminiscences by the juveniles present, who are to form the generation to come, and in their turn to supply scholars to the school house of their pretty little sequestered village.

The following is a programme of the sports : —
First Race— 100 yards, prize 7s. 6d.
Second Race — 150 yards, handicap, for boys under 17 years.
Third Race — 150 yards handicap.    
Fourth Event— Running Long Jump.
Fifth Race— For boys under 12 years.    
Sixth Race - 880 yards; handicap.
Seventh event — Standing High jump.
Eighth event — Parade for Neatest Costume. This caused considerable amusement, especially when they were paraded before the ladies, who acted as judges on this occasion.
Ninth event- Hurdle Race, 250 yards.
Tenth event — Pole Leaping.    
Eleventh event— -Ladies' Purse; 200 yards.
Twelfth event— Running High Jump.
Thirteenth event— Pick-a-Back Race; 100 yards.
Fourteenth event— -The Consolation Stakes.
Fifteenth event - Throwing the Hammer.
Sixteenth event - Novel Race for men over 13 stone.

Bunyip Friday 27 March 1874

Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Angle Vale Primary school

Angle Vale school has moved about in its first years of existence. The first school in the area was at Carclew.  In 1850 a three roomed brick cottage with a school room attached was built there.  This was used for church services and later for school purposes.  John Tregenza was the first school master.  He arrived in South Australia on 14th January 1855.  It is presumed he opened the school in the same year.  Parents of students paid 1 s per week for each child attending school.  The Government of the day paid 6d per week for destitute students.  Mr Tregenza also held night classes for those unable to attend during the day.

In 1859, John Tregenza left Carclew to organise a school at Woodville at the request of Mr Hughes a member of the Education Board, the school at Carclew was closed.  Later he went to Port Gawler school, situated on the Buckland Park property at Virginia. 

The Ebenezer Chapel was opened in 1864 and soon afterwards a Mr Tupper conducted a school in the new building but did not stay long enough to get it firmly established.  Miss Swales took over and conducted the school until her marriage to Mr Quinn, Harbour Master at Port Adelaide. 
Then came Mrs Ann Crisp, who first taught in the chapel and later used her own residence next door.  In 1868, according to official records, the Board of Education report mentions the school and shows her as Head Teacher. 

Mrs. Crisp the school teacher, who lived near the church, was the first post mistress.  Mrs. Crisp before her marriage to Tom Crisp was a widow with a daughter, Annie Humphrey.  Annie Humphrey has been credited with suggesting the name ‘Angle Vale’.  Mrs Ann Crips was also Post Office mistress and when a new name was needed by the Post Office authorities as “Gawler Plains’ was too general and given to such a large area.  Mr John Patterson, chairman of the District Council called for suggestions and Annie’s suggestion was chose. 

Following Mrs Crisp came a bearded gentleman, Richard Symonds.  The school was located in Heaslip’s hut and later across the road in a hut known as ‘Bemjamin Barnett’s”.

The new school was built by public subscription, subsidised by the Government through the District Council.  Benjamin Heaslip gave the land and it was opened in March 25th 1874, by Mr J.S Underdown, Chairman of the District Council of Munno Para West.
The opening was a day of great rejoicing, typical of the period.

After the passing of the Education Act in 1875 the Government took full control of the school and compensation was paid to those residents who had contributed to its cost.

Former Angle Vale Post Office